This explains why, for instance, Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia transformed himself into the leader of the opposition after losing the elections in 1990. Laya questions American racial tolerance and the transformative power of capitalism. Winner of the Society of Professional Journalists' Sigma Delta Chi Award in ResearchThis book explores the thesis that civic cynicism in African countries is a major obstacle to the consolidation of democracy, and that the African press should address the problem not just among leaders, but also among the general populace. I was at home in Brooklyn when it happened. The interface of press and politics during this period in Nigerian history demonstrates the potential as well as the liability of the African press as an instrument of democracy. Abiola Irele Cultural Politics in Post-Independence Senegal by Tracy D.
The burgeoning African press of the 1990s, however, managed to warn against spoilers to elections and impress upon the populace the dividends of democracy. We can revisit Chinua Achebe at this point and say that the trouble with Nigeria may not just be the problem of leadership but the politics of power. The present article reviews a number of significant contributions to normative African journalism models over the past 50 years and argues that they constitute three major streams: journalism for social change, communal journalism and journalism based on oral discourse. Further, the press's tendency to attribute national problems and solutions to individual political actors must change and move toward a more holistic, analytical approach. He is also Senior Fellow, Program on Ethnic and Federal Studies, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. It will also end the culture of impunity that makes it possible for the ethics of easy money and attendant conspicuous consumption to replace the admirable work ethic for which Nigerians were once famous. This situation poses a challenge to African democracies.
A common view among journalists and academics alike is that African conditions declined the moment colonial governments left its shores. A delicate balance must be struck wherein the press both denounces flawed elections but also supports the democratic process in order to combat civic cynicism. This cynicism, the author argues, is a major detriment to establishing functional democratic systems and development across the continent. In all cases, innocent people perish, fortunes are lost and the rest of us build higher walls around our inflated easy money mansions. Such financial woes would likely result in a press susceptible to corruption rather than one upholding civic values.
Governance and law are viewed by African society with disdain and seen as a tool for personal gain rather than greater good. Awa Economic and Infrastructural Development A New Look at Africa's Growth Performance and Prespects by H. As the author states, in 2003 60 percent of Nigerian journalists were owed salaries and arrears. This will dangerously increase the number of civic cynics already in their millions, and deepen other existing pockets of disaffection against the system and its easy moneyed cronies. The site went online in 2006, and the group behind it was founded in 2003.
The contributors to the book contend that development is about human beings, so they do not rely exclusively on statistical estimates and projections. A president of Nigeria can be an inspiring example for the Nigerian people. Snipe Governance and the Political Order Kinship and Civil Society in Post-Colonial Africa by Peter P. Though each comments on the colonization and explores issues of collaboration with and resistance to the American regime, they do not speak with one voice. Minabere Ibelema has written an important and courageous book that addresses a fundamental obstacle to functioning democratic systems and development within Africa—public culture. These realities and the global trend of liberalization have coalesced to spur the African press to assert its freedom more stridently, to take a more concerted stand against dictatorship, and to crusade for a deepening of democracy.
Even in the bleakest periods of despotism, some journalists and news media took brave stands in calling for democracy or, at least, a liberalization of the polity. Palgrave Macmillan Series in International Political Communication. The author analyzes the topic from a perspective that has been too often ignored by many scholars. The role of the press in both extending and countering these civic values is analyzed throughout the book, which concludes with suggestions on how the press can rebuild Africa's social capital to fight against civic cynicism. Nigeria's political machinations and its subsequent press coverage are used as a case study—an ideal choice, given that country's vibrant press and diverse political experience. The view that Africa regressed the moment that colonial governments left its shores is widespread.
All in all Ibelema's book is an impressive and honest study of the underlying problems facing democracy and development in Africa; it sheds much-needed light on the past, current, and future role of the press in addressing these problems. Finding that corruption has extended from leaders and governmental institutions to the populace itself, the author asserts that the growing independent press needs to intensify its critique of the public attitude and civic orientation, the fertile soil on which corruption in public life has thrived. Politicians in power must do well by the poor of this country. It is suggested that the dimensions of socio-historicity and professionalism best explain the conflict. Others join the illicit army of terrorists, kidnappers, militants and armed robbers, which goes to show that easy money is not unrelated to the rampancy of violence in our land. Frugality is an important part of the value system that most economists agree promote development, because it leads to saving and investment.
The role of the press in both extending and countering these civic values is analyzed throughout the book, which concludes with suggestions on how the press can rebuild Africa's social capital to fight against civic cynicism. Power for the sake of power it seems. In: The African Press, Civic Cynicism, and Democracy. A culture of wasteful consumption, on the other hand diminishes the pace of national development given especially that the import content of the consumer goods patronised by the nouveau riche premium cars and boats, jets, furniture, exotic and expensive Champaign and liquors … is very high indeed. Those with access to it get easy money, lots and lots of it, and they spend the loot as if there is no tomorrow. There is an unacceptable level of unemployment.